A regulator controls a media sector, its content, working conditions, audience/contributor protection and are formed from and maintained by the media industry (most of the time). Regulators are an authority with the right to establish and enforce their regulations.
OFCOM: Office of communications.
Established by the Office of Communications act 2002, officially formed 29th December 2003
Regulates TV and Radio sectors, fixed line telecoms and mobiles, the airwaves over which wireless devices operate, promotes competition.
“We make sure that people in the UK get the best from their communications services and are protected from scams and sharp practices, while ensuring that competition can thrive.”
Operates under the Communications Act 2003, Accountable to Parliament and funded by fees from the industry for their services.
ASA: Advertising Standards Authority.
Enforces the advertising codes established by the Committee of Advertising, run by the advertising industry.
Ensures adverts are responsible not misleading or offensive. different types of advertising have specific rule sets that they must follow e.g Ads’ with children, gambling, motoring, alcohol, health care, financial products.
There are two sets of advertising codes CAP and BCAP, BCAP covers all broadcasted advertisements such as TV and Radio; CAP covers anything that is not broadcast like magazines. the latest edition of the UK code of non-broadcast advertising came into force on 1 September 2010. The BCAP code use to four seperate codes for broadcast advertising but on 1 September 2010 they were brought together in one.
The Radio Authority
on the 29th of December 2003 the Radio Authority ceased to exist and it’s duties were handed over to Offcom along with four other regulators BSC: Broadcasting Standards Commission, ITC: Idependent Television Commission, Oftel, the Radiocommunications Agency.
FACT: the Federation Against Copyright Theft
“FACT’s primary purpose is to protect the United Kingdom’s film and broadcasting industry against counterfeiting, copyright and trademark infringements.”
FACT was established in 1983. FACT main 3 fields are Online Piracy, Hard goods Piracy and Prevention and Detection of illegal recording in cinemas.
PEGI: Pan European Game Information
PEGI determins the age suitability of games within Europe. it was created by Interactive software federation of Europe and was first put into use in April 2003.
“PEGI is used and recognised throughout Europe and has the enthusiastic support of the European Commission. It is considered to be a model of European harmonisation in the field of the protection of children.”
BBFC: British Board of Film Classification
BBFC regulates the films, Video/DVD and video games. The BBFC was setup in 1912 as an independent body by the film industry.
they can help Trading standards officers with enforcing their princibles, they provide the public with the information they need to make their own decisions on what they watch.